April 19


Four Cups of Wine at Passover

By Tresta Neil

Called to Learn, Celebrations, Easter, Symbology, פֶּסַח (Passover)

With the Bread Christ overcame our Physical Death.
With the Water Christ overcame our Spiritual Death.

There were 4 cups used on the Table of Shewbread in the Holy Room of the Biblical Tabernacle. The wine was red in color and represented the blood of the covenant – by which we are born again.

The traditional understanding of the 4 cups of wine are: (See Exodus 6:6-7)

  1. I will bring you (out from Egypt or the world)
  2. I will deliver you (from bondage)
  3. I will redeem you (from sin)
  4. I will take you (to me to be my people; you will be my covenant children, my heir, I will be your Father and benefactor)

Christ is not only our pre-mortal brother, but our Father in eternal life – through the atonement. Through the atonement we become the sons and daughters of Christ (Mosiah 5:5, 7) and He, paying the price, becomes our Father – the giver of eternal life.

The water we drink during the sacrament reminds us of these wonderful blessings.

Have you ever thought about how the sacrament is given to us? In the lyrics of a hymn, “I stand all amazed at the love Jesus offers me, Confused at the grace that so fully he proffers me.” What does it mean to “proffer”?

image credit, “Sacrament Meeting” by Doc Christensen

Think about how Christ must have given the broken bread to his disciples. He handed it to them individually he may have looked them in the eye. In other congregation they “offer” the sacrament at the front and invite you to come up to receive. The covenant made within the Restored Church of Jesus Christ are all “proffered” individually, with the right hand (the covenant hand) and with authority and love.

When is the last time Christ proffered something to you?
There are four fours associated with the Passover, can you guess them?
(Four questions, four sons, four expressions of redemption, four cups)

This short fun video brings up several of the Seder foods and shows that you don’t have to have an A Capella group to enjoy a delightful bit to Pesach!

Here’s another rendition of the Passover Story. The title begs you to click right away…Do it, it’s worth it!

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